BIS published a final rule, effective 20 December 2017, which amended the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding two Russian companies to the Entity List under the destination of Russia on the basis of § 744.11 of the EAR. The added entities are the Joint Stock Company Experimental Design Bureau Novator and the Joint Stock Company Federal Scientific and Production Center Titan-Barrikady.

According to BIS, these entities produced a ground-launched cruise missile system and associated transporter-erector-launcher, with a range prohibited by the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty) for the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. The US and the Russian Federation are party to the INF Treaty.